Volume 40, Issue 1 p. 242-267
Original Article

Long-proboscid brachyceran flies in Cretaceous amber (Diptera: Stratiomyomorpha: Zhangsolvidae)

ANTONIO ARILLO

ANTONIO ARILLO

Departamento de Zoología y Antropología Física, Facultad de Biología, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain

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ENRIQUE PEÑALVER

ENRIQUE PEÑALVER

Museo Geominero, Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, Madrid, Spain

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RICARDO PÉREZ-DE LA FUENTE

Corresponding Author

RICARDO PÉREZ-DE LA FUENTE

Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, U.S.A.

Correspondence: Ricardo Pérez-de la Fuente, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford St., Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A. E-mail: [email protected]Search for more papers by this author
XAVIER DELCLÒS

XAVIER DELCLÒS

Departament d'Estratigrafia, Paleontologia i Geociències Marines, Facultat de Geologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

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JULIA CRISCIONE

JULIA CRISCIONE

Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, U.S.A.

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PHILLIP M. BARDEN

PHILLIP M. BARDEN

Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, U.S.A.

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MARK L. RICCIO

MARK L. RICCIO

Institute of Biotechnology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, U.S.A.

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DAVID A. GRIMALDI

DAVID A. GRIMALDI

Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, U.S.A.

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First published: 06 January 2015
Citations: 20
The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Abstract

The monophyletic family Zhangsolvidae comprises stout-bodied brachyceran flies with a long proboscis and occurring only in the Cretaceous, originally known in shale from the Early Cretaceous Laiyang Formation (Fm.) in China (Zhangsolva Nagatomi & Yang), subsequently from limestones of the Early Cretaceous Crato Fm. of Brazil. Cratomyoides Wilkommen is synonymized with Cratomyia Mazzarolo & Amorim, both from the Crato Fm.; Cratomyiidae is synonymized with Zhangsolvidae. Two genera and three species of Zhangsolvidae are described: Buccinatormyia magnifica Arillo, Peñalver & Pérez-de la Fuente, gen. et sp.n. and B. soplaensis Arillo, Peñalver & Pérez-de la Fuente, sp.n., in Albian amber from Las Peñosas Fm. in Spain; and Linguatormyia teletacta Grimaldi, gen. et sp.n., in Upper Albian–Lower Cenomanian amber from Hukawng Valley in Myanmar. Buccinatormyia soplaensis and Linguatormyia teletacta are unique among all Brachycera, extant or extinct, by their remarkably long, flagellate antennae, about 1.6× the body length in the latter species. A phylogenetic analysis of 52 morphological characters for 35 taxa is presented, 11 taxa being Cretaceous species, which supports placement of the family within Stratiomyomorpha, although not to any particular family within the infraorder.

This published work has been registered in Zoobank, http://zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F32CF887-7C37-45D5-BD6B-135FE9B729A7.